The stadium in Beijing took a five-year construction period, and the construction site first opened on 24 December 2003. Initial preparations were made with pile foundations that had to be dug 36 meters (121 feet) below the surface to support the weight of the building. With the pile foundation built, the stadium’s interior structure, consisting of 14,700 precast concrete slabs, was first completed. Twenty-four support columns, each weighing 1,000 tons, were also part of this phase. A huge pillar was also needed to support the stadium roof, which weighs 11,200 tons. The wire mesh that shapes the stadium was built around the center. This was a particularly complex construction phase, and the final cost of the project reached $423 million in March 2008, when the construction was completed. The stadium is located along the north-south axis of Beijing, which includes Forbidden City, Tiananmen Square, Heavenly Hall, and the wider Olympic Green, about five miles from the center. The National Stadium was designed to symbolize China’s greatness for the 2008 Olympics. Now it is preparing to play its role for the second time at the 2022 Winter Olympics, when the bird’s nest will host the game’s opening and closing ceremonies. If the Chinese authorities’ plan is successfully carried out, the Bird’s Nest will conquer the new record as the world’s only stadium to host the opening ceremony of both summer and winter games. 슬롯머신
The 80,000-seat stands have become one of China’s most popular tourist attractions, down from 91,000 seats temporarily installed for the 2008 Olympics. The capacity, structural properties, and key locations of bird nests all helped them survive far beyond the events of their birth. Since the opening ceremony of the Olympics on 8 August 2008, the stadium has continued to host national and international events, events and festivals. Currently, it is not only considered a tourist attraction, but also China’s most important public space. Every year, the stadium hosts more than 60 events, ranging from sporting events to artistic entertainment such as concerts. Also among these events are the Bird’s Nest Ice and Snow Festival, an annual theme park with ski slopes, ice hockey, and snowboarding. Of course, COVID-19 has put all these activities on hold, but the National Stadium is expected to start welcoming thousands of people again soon for entertainment and good times. Anyone attending the opening ceremony of the Beijing National Stadium at the 2008 Beijing Olympics can think of the grand structure, unprecedented shape, and modern amenities. Known around the world as the “bird’s nest,” the stadium is a feat of engineering with a record status that can be said for itself. It is the largest steel structure ever built and one of the most engineering complex stadiums. However, these are just the most obvious parts of the infrastructure hosting entertainment, sports and cultural events and are specifically designed to fit perfectly with the Beijing landscape.